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Exodus 10:1 to 13:16, Jeremiah 46:13-28


This parasha begins with the instruction to tell our children and grandchildren about the Exodus story because doing so will benefit us (verse 10:2). It concludes with a repetition of that instruction, but for the child's benefit (verse 13:14).

In verse 10:29 Moshe says that he will not see Pharaoh again. Apparently verses 11:4-8 are a flashback to this "final" encounter. However, verse 12:32 has Pharaoh summoning Moshe and Aharon to speak to them another time—so Moshe's words in verse 10:29 seem inaccurate. A common explanation, perhaps inspired by verse 11:8, is that Pharaoh relayed a message to Moshe and Aharon second-hand in verse 12:31.

Doesn't it seem a bit odd that with four days of warning (during which a lamb was inspected and sacrificed, and jewelry and clothing was received from the Egyptians) the Israelites didn't also prepare by making normal bread?

For comments about how Yeshua fulfilled details of this chapter see here.

In verse 10:22 Moshe finally "gets it" that he can use his hand without the staff. (See verses 9:23 and 10:13.)

The blood on the doorposts protected people who stayed inside the doorway (12:22). For small families, the required being guests at a neighbor's home overnight (12:4).

What does it mean in Isaiah 43:2-3(3-4), "Since you were 'weighty' (valuable) in my eyes, and 'heavy' (burdensome/honorable), and I have loved you, so I will give men in your place and people in the place of your souls."? Tradition sometimes links this passage with the Exodus. So did Moshe, in verse 10:25, unknowingly predict that Egyptians will be "sacrificed" for Adonai's sake during the final plague? If so, what does that mean? More likely is that Isaiah 43 is not about the Exodus. Ethiopia was not involved with the Exodus but was involved in the Assyrian conquest (Isaiah 20).

Traditional Jewish Commentary

The Tz'enah Ur'enah comments that the blood smeared on the two sides and top of the doorframe resembles the letter chet, which stands for chayim, life.

Rashi notes that verse 11:2 has unusual phrasing. Instead of the typical, "And Adonai spoke to Moshe, saying..." it reads, "Speak, please, into the ears of the people, 'Let every man request...'" Rashi speculates that the word "please" is used because God had promised Abraham in Genesis 15:14 that enslaved descendants would leave with "many posessions", and God did not want the Israelites to avoid making this promise happen.

Jefrey Feinberg notes that prohibiting three days of festival (verse 5:3 and others) is punished with three days of darkness (verse 10:22).